Thursday, December 23, 2010

Budget News Dec. 20 - 23

Senate Approves $725 Billion Defense Spending Bill
As the busy lame duck session of Congress winds down, the Senate Wednesday approved a defense spending bill, authorizing the Pentagon to spend $725 billion in fiscal 2011, including nearly $160 billion to fight the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
Iowa lawmakers expect $700M budget shortfall
The fight over what to cut will begin almost as soon as the Legislature convenes on Jan. 10.

U.S. Congress Passes Bill to Fund Government's Spending Through March 4
The U.S. Congress approved legislation that would keep the government funded through March 4, setting up a budget fight early next year between the administration and Republicans.

Budget Cuts To Darken SoCal City Street Lights
To trim $9 million from their budget, Vista officials say they will shut off half of the city’s residential street lights in March unless property owners agree to pay higher lighting fees.
Put up or shut up' on debt - senator
Democrat Mark Warner and Republican Saxby Chambliss say they will introduce the Bowles-Simpson report as legislation.
Cameron Warns U.K. Faces Tough Times
With tax receipts lifting just 3.1% since last year—the lowest level since December 2009—the Office for National Statistics reported Tuesday that the public sector borrowed £23.3 billion ($36.14 billion) in November, compared with £17.4 billion a year earlier.
Stimulus price tag: $2.8 trillion
Since the recession began three years ago, Congress has poured a total of $2.8 trillion into the economy in an effort to spur hiring, get people spending again and prop up industries struggling to stay afloat.
Auditors question TSA's use of and spending on technology
Since it was founded in 2001, the TSA has spent roughly $14 billion in more than 20,900 transactions with dozens of contractors.

OECD Backs Spain's Deficit Cuts
In its annual report on the Spanish economy, the OECD forecast gross domestic product will fall 0.2% in 2010, rise 0.9% in 2011 and 1.8% in 2012.
Anticipating higher revenues, McDonnell outlines spending priorities
Following a lean 2010 session in which the state was forced to close a $4.2 billion shortfall in the current two-year budget, McDonnell expects state revenues, driven by stronger-than-expected income tax collections and sales tax activity, to total $283 million over fiscal years 2011 and 2012.

Economist Comments
States Scramble to Repay Feds for Unemployment Insurance Loans -- Plus Interest
The federal government estimates the collective interest on the outstanding loans will total about $2 billion in 2011, while continued state borrowing is expected to stretch the outstanding loan amount to $65 billion by fiscal year 2013.

Stop panicking over muni defaults!
...that is not to say that all projects will be economically viable – some munis will default. Municipalities in 24 states can file for Chapter 9 bankruptcy protection and defer bond payments.

The Wind Subsidy Bubble
Green pork should be a GOP budget target.
Hugh Hewitt: California's economic suicide now includes cap-and-trade
The absurdity of a single state attempting to tackle climate control via the imposition of regulations on 600 facilities is wildly amusing. No one can argue that all the effort and all the costs, all the bureaucrats and all the rules will have any impact whatsoever on the climate.
Europe's Single Bailout Zone
The moves toward a fiscal union mean German taxpayers have become the lenders of last resort.
Retiree Benefits Are Cheating Our Children
Except for those on Social Security and Medicare, government for most middle-class Americans consists mainly of schools, police, fire protection, roads and ambulance service. It's states and localities.
Drama needed to jolt Americans into tackling debt
Why has Britain managed to boldly go into fiscal territory which the US has hitherto ducked? That is the $800bn question...

Money Substitutes and Velocity
The issue is whether we should think of the Fed as offsetting velocity shocks or we should think of changes in velocity as offsetting monetary shocks.
What Works in the Deficit Reform Proposals?
If you've struggled to wade through the intricacies of the different budget reform plans making their way through Beltway wonkdom, you're probably not alone.

The Failed State of Illinois the Journal reports, investors seem to be increasingly differentiating between those states that are in bad fiscal shape and those that are in really bad fiscal shape.

Senate Presents an Acceptable Continuing Resolution
Last week, a Heritage Foundation analysis stated that an acceptable continuing resolution should (a) spend no more than last year’s level, (b) not shift funds to new Democratic priorities, (c) exclude additional advanced appropriations that bind future Congresses to spend money, and (d) exclude unrelated government expansions and regulations.

Instead, Congress will now pass a continuing resolution to fund the government at current levels until the new Congress is seated in January.
Worst of the Waste: The 100 Outrageous Government Spending Projects of 2010
When taxpayers aren’t shelling out money for music memorabilia, they’re busy paying for the other projects listed in Coburn’s report. Here are a few named in the report…
Build America Bonds: Eliminated or in Suspended Animation?
Who’s been issuing the bonds? The most cash-strapped and fiscally profligate states: California, New Jersey, Ohio and New York.

Truth and Consequences
A Guide to Understanding the U.S. Government Debt and Deficits.

Employment News Dec. 20 - 23

Jobless Claims in U.S. Decreased to 420,000 Last Week
Initial U.S. jobless claims fell last week and the number of people on unemployment benefit rolls dropped to a two-year low, reinforcing evidence the labor market is improving.
How states fared on jobless benefits, at a glance
Here are the states with the largest changes in unemployment applications, and some of the reasons, at a glance:

Unemployed get another jobless benefit _ free yoga
With national unemployment just below 10 percent, $20 yoga classes don't qualify as necessities for many out-of-work people who've pruned luxuries from their budgets. So in a gesture that's part send-good-vibes-to-the-universe and part community outreach, a handful of yoga studios have decided to cut the unemployed a break.
1 in 7 Americans rely on food stamps
The use of food stamps has increased dramatically in the U.S., as the federal government ramps up basic assistance to meet the demands of an increasingly desperate population.

Jobless benefits are extended - but hold the applause
Millions of jobless Americans are no doubt cheering the tax cut deal that President Obama signed into law Friday.
How many people get renewed jobless aid, by state
The tax-cut legislation President Barack Obama signed into law Friday restores emergency unemployment benefit programs for millions of Americans. The long-term unemployed can now receive a maximum of 60 to 99 weeks of benefits, depending on their state. But the new law doesn't lengthen anyone's unemployment benefits beyond the 60 to 99 weeks.

Economists Comments
New Year's resolution: I quit!
Employers watch out: Your workers can't wait to quit. According to a recent survey by job-placement firm Manpower, 84% of employees plan to look for a new position in 2011. That's up from just 60% last year.

Does population slowdown = unemployment slowdown?
Late last year, Goldman Sachs said in a note that ""it will probably take at least 100,000 jobs per month just to hold the unemployment rate constant. New census figures show a 9.7% growth rate, compared to the 13.2% mark reported ten years earlier. In fact, it's the slowest growth rate since 1940. This led me to wonder if that 100,000 per month figure will get revised downward. After all, overall population growth rates must have been a central part of the original calculation.
Are social media jobs here to stay?
The demand for social media jobs has exploded, even as overall unemployment heads in the opposite direction. But in a fledgling field surrounded by hype, some industry insiders are saying it may be too good to last.

Environmentalists New Plan Same as Old Plan: Higher Energy Costs, Fewer Jobs
Our national unemployment rate is 9.8% and the Sierra Club is investing their resources in blocking new power plan construction. The Sierra Club is blocking not only the jobs needed to build power plants, but they are also ensuring hiring energy costs for the entire economy.

Temporary employment
This year, 26.2 percent of all jobs added by private sector employers were temporary positions. In the comparable period after the recession of the early 1990s, only 10.9 percent of the private sector jobs added were temporary, and after the downturn earlier this decade, just 7.1 percent were temporary.


Monetary News Dec. 20 - 23

Dollar recovers after U.S. data
The U.S. dollar gained ground against the euro but remained lower versus the Japanese yen Thursday, as reports showed U.S. jobless claims and durable-goods orders fell while consumer spending and incomes rose.
Is the Fed Printing Money?
Is the Federal Reserve printing money to finance its bond buying? Or isn’t it? Ben Bernanke has given inconsistent answers, at times saying it is and at times saying it isn’t.

Dollar recovers as euro hits two-week low
The euro fell to a two-week low against the dollar on Tuesday, after briefly recovering following supportive comments from a top Chinese official.

Fed Extends Program to Ease Europe Debt Crisis
The Federal Reserve is extending a program set up earlier this year to ease strains from the European debt crisis. The program, which was set to expire in January, will now run through August 1.

Paul says he won't subpoena Fed, immediately
Longtime critic takes over watchdog role saying he's interested in transparency.

Economists Comments
Economists: Fed won't raise rates until 2012
Economists are evenly split on whether the Federal Reserve's current policies are helping the economy. But they're in agreement on one point -- the Fed won't be raising interest rates anytime soon.

Fed Rate Hike Could Come in 2012
In our view, Fed policy will remain stimulative, but less intensely so, through 2012. If the unemployment rate continues trending lower through mid-year 2012, as we anticipate, the initial Fed rate hike may come later that year. Our forecast features a 50 basis-point hike in interest on reserves to 0.75% by year-end 2012 and an accompanying fed-funds rate target range of 0.50%-0.75%.
Fed throws euro banks a lifeline
For an outfit whose policies supposedly are plunging the world into unspeakable conflict, the Federal Reserve is doing an awful lot to avoid another meltdown.
Do We Need Google To Measure Inflation?
Economists are creating new methods for tracking prices.

Fed Up, Again
With the onset of the financial crisis and the collapse of aggregate demand in the United States, the Federal Reserve reached for the standard textbook solution to stimulate demand. Indeed, the Fed pushed shortterm interest rates toward zero — a zone in which they have been trapped ever since.
It's Europe's Crisis
The most profound and widespread challenge is the growing sense that the EU's common currency, the euro, may not survive in its present form, if at all.

How to solve European debt crisis? Create a European treasury to back EU bonds
To prevent Europe's debt crisis from spiraling further out of control, EU nations must act now to create a European treasury with centralized power to issue European-backed bonds and tax at a federal level. Doing so is in the best interests of all member nations – not just those mired in debt.
Economic Slack and Inflation
One of the measures commonly followed by the Fed, and others of the slack-restrains-inflation school, is the measure of capacity utilization rate.

Inflation fears? Not in November
The November 2010 CPI has been released. The verdict? Nothing doing on the inflation front.

The Euro Suffers an Identity Crisis
Pity the poor euro. It’s a currency, but it’s asked to be so much more. More, indeed, than any currency can possibly be.


Tax News Dec. 20 - 23

States taxing themselves to death
High taxes kill states. There can be no better evidence than the 2010 Census. The states that lost House seats -- because they're shrinking, relative to the nation -- had taxes 27 percent higher than the ones that gained seats.

Census: Fast growth in states with no income tax
...the 2010 reapportionment gives Texas four additional House seats. In contrast, California gets no new House seats, for the first time since it was admitted to the Union in 1850.
Faulty Tax Break May Leave Millions With Surprise Bill
IRS officials knew which taxpayers were affected but didn't alert them directly, Treasury inspector general says.
Economists: Reform the tax code
Nearly half of economists surveyed by think overhauling the current system would be the best tax policy going forward. Reform would mean lower tax rates but an end to many of the deductions and special treatment enjoyed by certain taxpayers.

Biden: Obama tax deal 'morally troubling'
Vice president says pledge to middle class couldn't be kept.

Economist Comments
Tax Cutters Set Up Tomorrow's Fiscal Crisis: Simon Johnson
The truth is, the tax deal moved us closer to a fiscal crisis, just as the euro zone now is experiencing.
Taxes and the Top Percentile Myth
A 2008 OECD study of leading economies found that 'taxation is most progressively distributed in the United States.' More so than Sweden or France.
Will the Tax Bill Stimulus Create Economic Growth?
Unless the government cuts spending, the result of tax cuts will be a higher budget deficit; this will divert more capital away from productive uses to service the debt.

Spare us the death tax - for now
The new law won't make a dent in how much the rich can leave their heirs, but don't think the battle is anywhere near over.

Ducking Higher Taxes
Oregon raised its income tax on the richest 2% of its residents last year to fix its budget hole, but now the state treasury admits it collected nearly one-third less revenue than the bean counters projected.

Estate Tax Not Justifiable
The real reason for the tax is class enmity. It's an ancient view of wealth that equates entrepreneurial success with theft.
Public vs. private retirements
Government workers get better deals -- paid for by taxpayers.

Oregon’s Millionaire’s Tax Doesn’t Pan Out
To close its $3.8 billion FY 2010- FY 2011 projected budget gap, Oregon has relied on an evaporating stimulus, budget cuts of roughly 9 percent and tax increases. The state’s income tax was raised with a new top rate of 11 percent. However the tax on the richest two percent of residents hasn’t performed as expected.

Secondary Sources: Fallen Heroes, Economics of al Qaeda in Iraq, Tax Calculator
The Tax Policy Center has updated its tax calculator.
Oregon’s Millionaire’s Tax Doesn’t Pan Out
The tax applies to stocks and capital which means Oregon has “virtually the highest capital gains tax in North America.”

‘Meanwhile, de Rugy Goes All Laffer Curve’
The primary reason for the increase in the share paid by the rich after the tax cuts isn’t that they made more money than before, a thought unbearable to Chait. Rather, it is that the Bush-era tax cuts reduced the taxes paid by middle- and lower-income families across the board and even kicked a lot of people at the bottom of the income distribution off the tax rolls altogether...
You Say 'Tax,' I say 'Penalty'
...a tax subsidy is a subsidy: you are enticing people to do something by offering them money. But because this adds the possibility of not getting the money if you don't do whatever they're subsidizing, [Tim]'s calling this coercion.
Why We Need a Tax AND Spending Cut
Under either scenario, a reduction in lump-sum taxes—unaccompanied by a reduction in spending—fails to jump-start the economy the way politicians hope that it might.

How middle-income taxpayers will benefit from new tax law
If you're a middle-income wage-earner, the only major change you'll notice from the bill passed by Congress yesterday—and expected to be signed shortly by President Obama—is in your paycheck.

The Value-Added Tax Is Wrong for the United States
While a VAT has some advantages to the current U.S. tax code, adding the VAT to current federal taxes—as proponents propose—would realize none of these benefits and would instead depress the economy.

Health Care News Dec. 20 - 23

Congress passes revised 9/11 first-responders health benefits bill
A compromise bill to provide free medical treatment and compensation to first responders of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attack won final approval Wednesday from the House and Senate, sending it to President Barack Obama to be signed into law.
Law Prompts Some Health Plans To Cut Mental-Health Benefits
Members of the Screen Actors Guild recently read in their health plan's newsletter that, beginning in January, almost 12,000 of its participants will lose access to treatment for mental-health and substance-abuse issues.
Insurer Rate Hikes Face Fresh Federal Scrutiny
Health insurers that raise premiums 10% or more next year will face new regulatory scrutiny, the Obama administration said Tuesday, in its latest effort to show its health overhaul is helping tame rapidly rising rates.

Medicaid Demands Push States Toward `Cliff' Even as Governors Cut Benefits
Governors nationwide are taking a scalpel to Medicaid, the jointly run state and federal health-care program for 48 million poor Americans, half of whom are children. The single biggest expense for states, Medicaid consumes about 22 percent of their total $1.6 trillion in expenditures.
9/11 First-Responders Bill Goes to the Wire
The House will stay in one more day to consider a bill Wednesday to fund medical care for first responders sickened after the September 11 terrorist attacks.

Funding Deal Snags Health Law
Democrats last week sought $1 billion to expand federal agencies to cope with health-care demands as part of a proposed $1.1 trillion spending bill. That measure died after Senate Republicans closed ranks against it under pressure from conservative activists.

Economist Comments
Obamacare Reaches Its First Appellate Court
What Congress is attempting to do here is quite literally unprecedented. “The government has never required people to buy any good or service as a condition of lawful residence in the United States.”
Invested in Health Care
Judges presiding over health care lawsuits have stakes in the industry.
Sebelius's Price Controls
States must order more health benefits but also lower rates.
A Double Edged Sword for U.S. Healthcare
The challenge for health systems, industry, and regulators right now is to find a way to overcome existing supply challenges without dampening incentives to innovate, even for older generic products. Creating better market incentives, improving communications between stakeholders, and bolstering the FDA's ability to conduct risk-based inspections are the best ways to prevent the next shortage before it happens.

The real threat to health care reform
Passing legislation was only one part of the battle for supporters of the health care law. Now comes an equally contentious stage -- the struggle over implementing the law. In many respects, the looming court battles over health care are the least of Obama's problems. The fight over implementation is where real challenge will lie for the program.

We need more supply-side health policy a fierce turf battle rooted in the growing pressures on the medical profession and academia, New York State’s 16 medical schools are attacking their foreign competitors. They have begun an aggressive campaign to persuade the State Board of Regents to make it harder, if not impossible, for foreign schools to use New York hospitals as extensions of their own campuses.

How Obamacare is Hastening the Day of Reckoning
As bad as government union contracts and pensions are, they are not the real driver of state insolvency. Medicaid is already the second largest item on the average state budget at 21%.
Will Health Care Reform Reduce Medical Bankruptcies?
Excluding the bubble/crash, if the ObamaCare enthusiasts were even mostly correct about medical bankruptcies, overall bankruptcies in Massachusetts should eventually fall pretty significantly from their 2004 levels.
To Reform Health Care and Restore Fiscal Responsibility, Don’t Forget Medicaid
Obamacare did little to solve the issues afflicting current Medicaid beneficiaries or put the program on a fiscally sustainable path. It will actually put Medicaid in worse shape by adding nearly 18 million Americans to this poorly performing program.
Why Did the Feds Need to Do Health Care?
The chances of a Supreme Court ruling overturning one key provision in our new health care law--the mandate--are looking stronger.  Not good, mind you--libertarians I know are saying it's a perhaps 40% chance, while obviously everyone else is considerably more pessimistic.

Obamacare's mandate to buy insurance: Is it an eat-your-broccoli sort of thing?
Federal Judge Roger Vinson adds some color to the debate over the individual mandate in the health-care law. He likens it to Uncle Sam telling everyone to eat their vegetables -- under penalty of law.
Why Is This Tax Different From All Other Taxes?
So why not just give everyone $750 if they buy health insurance?  Well, in fact, you probably could do this.  You might even pay for it with higher income tax rates, though they would not be distributed evenly.  But there are problems with this approach, starting with the fact that well, this isn't what they did.

Selected CBO Publications Related to Health Care Legislation, 2009-2010
In the course of the deliberations over health care legislation, the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) provided a wide variety of estimates and other analyses regarding the impact of proposals on the federal budget and on aspects of health care and health insurance that were of interest to policymakers. In many cases, those estimates and analyses were produced in collaboration with the staff of the Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT). That process began in early 2009 and continued past the enactment of the legislation in March of this year.

General Economic News Dec. 20 - 23

December consumer sentiment rises to 74.5: reports
Despite the gain in December, the gauge is below pre-recession levels of more than 80. While there have been some signs of improvement in the economy, consumers remain concerned about jobs.
Demand for U.S. Capital Goods Rebounds as Spending Holds Up
Orders for U.S. capital equipment rebounded in November, signaling a slowdown in business investment may be less pronounced than some economists projected.
Ireland to inject $4.9 billion into AIB
The Irish government on Thursday effectively nationalized Allied Irish Banks PLC after the nation’s High Court approved the finance ministry’s request to allow it to inject an additional 3.7 billion euros ($4.9 billion) of capital into the troubled lender.
Consumer Spending in U.S. Climbs for Fifth Straight Month as Incomes Grow
Household purchases rose 0.4 percent after a 0.7 percent increase in October that was almost twice as large as previously estimated.
Mortgage Rates in U.S. Fall for First Time in Six Weeks, Freddie Mac Says
The average rates for a 30-year fixed loan fell to 4.81 percent in the week ended today from 4.83 percent, Freddie Mac said in a statement. The average 15-year rate decreased to 4.15 percent from 4.17 percent, the mortgage-finance company said.
New home sales climb - but recovery is sluggish
Sales of new homes rose 5.5% to an annual rate of 290,000 in November, the Commerce Department reported Friday. And while that shows improvement, sales are still off 21.2% from a year ago.

U.S. third-quarter growth revised up to 2.6%
The U.S. economy expanded at a 2.6% pace in the third quarter, slightly faster than previously reported, mainly because of a higher inventory buildup, according to the latest government data.
Nov. existing-home sales up 5.6% to 4.68 million
Even so, sales were still 27.9% below prior-year levels and below the 5.26 million in June when a homebuyer tax credit existed.
U.K. Economy Slows More Than Estimated as BOE Splits
Gross domestic product rose 0.7 percent from the previous three months, the Office for National Statistics said today in London. That compares with an initial estimate of 0.8 percent.
Congress freezes federal pay
It's official: Federal workers won't be getting a pay increase for the next two years, despite the best efforts of the unions that represent them.
A Nation in Motion
The Census reveals a people who are moving to pro-market red states.
Airlines post fattest profits in 10 years
This year is shaping up to be the most profitable year for the airline industry in at least a decade. The bad news is that it costs a lot more to visit Mom.
$305 on gas this month - Bah! Humbug!
Holiday shoppers will need to bump up their budget for one purchase this year. The price of fuel is up 13.6% from last December and 76% higher from December 2008, according to a new study from the Oil Price Information Service.

Prisons get education funds
The biggest recipient of Alabama’s federal stimulus dollars for education isn’t a school system or college. It’s the state prison system.
'Net Neutrality' Rules Set to Pass

In tough economy, Santas are also suffering
For freelance Santas, this holiday season has been more "no, no, no," than "ho, ho, ho."
Senate Passes Food Safety Bill for Second Time, Sends to House
The Senate on Sunday passed a sweeping bill to make food safer, sending it to the House in the waning days of Congress. 
Congressional Salaries on the Rise Even as Obama Freezes Federal Wages
For a guy who insists that federal bureaucrats make too much money, incoming House Majority Leader Eric Cantor sure doesn't mind handing out handsome government raises of his own.
New Census May Complicate Obama 2012 Bid
The 2010 census report coming out Tuesday will include lots of good political news for Republicans and grim data for Democrats hoping to re-elect President Barack Obama and rebound from last month's devastating elections.
Economic Reports for This Week
Data will include the final gross domestic product for the third quarter and existing home sales for November (Wednesday); and weekly jobless claims, personal income and spending for November, durable goods for November, the Thomson Reuters/University of Michigan consumer confidence index for December, and new home sales for November (Thursday).

Economist Comments
Who'll Really Benefit from Net Neutrality Regulation?
Will consumers really benefit from expanded FCC regulation of the Net and digital networks?
The Need for a National Mortgage Modification Program
This plan will stabilize the housing market and put money in the pockets of homeowners.

Empowering the Free Energy Markets
For America to thrive, we need energy policy that favors the development of abundant and affordable energy .
The Net Neutrality Coup
The campaign to regulate the Internet was funded by a who's who of left-liberal foundations.
The Decentralization of America
As changes are made to the number of Congressional seats allotted to each state and the Tea Party movement attempts to "take back the government," how the country operates is going to change.
Government Gobbles the Web
The FCC makes a naked lunge to collect political power unto itself.
Taking On Public Unions Isn't Just a Jersey Thing
Some of the reforms on the table in the Midwest would produce big savings in the first year -- for example, increasing employee shares of pension and health care costs.

No trust for Social Security
The trust fund is nothing more than a trap and a fantasy for those who think it's a solid foundation for Social Security.
How Spain Can Avoid the Irish Error
Now is the time for Spain to take its destiny into its own hands, and in doing so, restore the viability of at least a large part of the euro zone economy.
A Defense of the Market Speculators
Amid ongoing economic and financial uncertainty, including an oil price that is inching back up, the role of speculators in the economy has and will continue to be called into question. If their detractors are to be believed, they're a destabilizing force in the economy.
The great bank heist of 2010
Wall Street wins, Main Street pays — again
A hand up, not a handout
Human compassion can heal hearts in ways government checks can't

Could You Retire Without Social Security?
This week's landmark tax deal sharply changes the financial outlook for Social Security. That has huge implications for your retirement. And most people don't have a clue what's coming.
They Just Hate Rich People
If the debate over the tax deal between President Obama and congressional Republicans has shown anything, it is that the American Left really hates the rich. But, why?
The Seven-Year Switch
The year 2004 has served as a useful, if imperfect, touchstone for investors. Some parallels are eerie, some mere coincidence. What it means for 2011.
Signs of Strength in the Economy
In case you needed something to brighten your Friday even a little bit, there's been a smattering of good economic news this month (courtesy of the invaluable CalculatedRisk).
Insolvency Stalks China's Banks
Are China's banks threatened with insolvency? Yes, warns a seasoned global-market watcher.
The FCC's Threat to Internet Freedom
Net neutrality' sounds nice, but the Web is working fine now. The new rules will inhibit investment, deter innovation and create a billable-hours bonanza for lawyers.
Opposing View on Energy: Subsidies? Just Say No
The problem with electric vehicles can be summed up with one word: subsidies. Subsidies are prima facie evidence that consumers would not buy the product at its market price.
EPA's Costly Rules Will Cost Jobs and Set Back Nation's Economic Recovery
Our nation is in a high stakes race with China to develop clean energy technologies but we are falling behind. It may be hard to remember now, but we surprised the world years ago by overtaking Russia in the space race, and we can surpass China now if we make some small but important changes in government energy policy.

CBO on GSE Reform
I am currently drafting something on the same general topic, so I will add comments based on my current thinking. The folks at CBO discuss three options--purely public, purely private, and a hybrid. They find drawbacks to every option. They explain the hybrid option:
Protective Tariffs, Revenue Tariffs, and American Economic Growth
Did protectionist tariffs contribute to, or obstruct, America’s economic growth during the 19th century?
What Are Ratings Agencies For?
There's no question that the credibility of the ratings agencies has been called into question by the performance of the enormous amount of toxic sludge that they rated AAA during the housing bubble.  So I do understand the complaints that they're still around, influencing markets by what they say, without having ever really explained very well how they got it so monstrously wrong in the first place.
How effective will Basel be?
The Basel committee adopted a 3 percent leverage rule in July, meaning that for every $3 of capital, a bank can borrow no more than $97. While the percentage is tentative and subject to review before it goes into effect, it has since come under attack by banks in Europe and Asia, which say it will restrict their borrowing capacity and inhibit lending.
Growth is good
When we're talking about slower population growth, we're talking about slower growth in aggregate demand. That's not the sort of thing that places upward pressure on incomes. Meanwhile, we could see rising real incomes as slower population growth leads to slower growth in consumer prices, but that's obviously not inflationary.
New Home Sales weak in November
The 290 thousand annual sales rate for November is just above the all time record low in August (274 thousand). This was the weakest November on record and below the consensus forecast of 300 thousand.

How Government Failure Caused the Great Recession
The interaction of six government policies explains the timing, severity, and global impact of the financial crisis.
Freedom is What Keeps Cities Alive
Cities can’t be managed, and that’s what keeps them so vibrant. They’re just these insane masses of people, bumping into each other and maybe sharing an idea or two. It’s the freedom of the city that keeps it alive.
Incentives Matter: Bank Regulatory Edition
One reason that bailouts are so politically popular is that they make financial crises less common but, when they come, more severe because more leverage has built up. That change in the structure of returns is usually a political winner, call it "Ticking Time Bomb."
Why Something Good May Come of the FCC’s Net Neutrality Move
There is good reason to think bipartisan regulatory reform is possible in the next Congress. Thanks to the FCC’s action, the odds just increased that Congress will act.
Brad Delong’s analysis of the housing crisis
When the housing bubble took off–and when mortgage loans and MBSs became really risky–that’s when Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac pulled back. The GSEs were dominant players in the market up through the end of 2002: most of the loans made through the end of 2002 are still good. The GSEs were small players by the start of 2004–which is when the mortgages that have turned out to be toxic assets started to come through.

Cigarette Taxes and Smuggling
The Mackinac Center’s Michael LaFaive and Todd Nesbit have released a new study on the ill-effects of raising cigarette taxes at the state and local level. Cigarette tax hikes have become a popular choice for spend-happy state policymakers looking for money in these tough economic times.
Moody's Warns it may downgrade Portugal's Credit Rating
Moody’s ... put Portugal on review for a possible downgrade, almost a week after doing the same to Spain, and having cut Ireland by five notches last week.
Can vigilant creditors limit excess bank risk-taking?
Ideally, enforceable bond covenants should limit bank risk-taking, and ensure major bank solvency, but is that feasible?  I see a few problems with the idea:
One-in-Three Working Families Considered ‘Low Income’
Nearly one in three working families earned less than 200% of poverty line last year, as a bad economy pushed 250,000 families below that threshold, according to a new analysis of Census Bureau data.
Will The Housing Market Continue To Decline?
It is clear that housing prices will continue their slide for at least another year in the softer markets. Bottom fishers should be ready.
Number of the Week: Cash for Shares
$92 billion: How much companies spent on their own shares in the third quarter of 2010.
Small Business Confidence Index Jumps
It could be a temporary phenomenon related to the seasonality of the holidays. But the data matches other positives as well. I would bet that we are seeing a trend, but I’m not going to call it that yet. It is still my belief is that a recovery will be characterized by stagnant growth and price inflation.
Bankruptcies Falling Again
Now that they're filing again, it may be time to revisit.  of course, it's not a big fall--but as I say, the economy is considerably worse now.  If it falls further, I think we'll eventually have to say that the bankruptcy reform did produce a measurable, if not enormous, reduction in bankruptcies.
The Baby Bummer Generation
Pew Research came out with a study on the Baby Boomer generation That is kind of fascinating. It is something that we need to follow because they represent 26% of the population (79 milli0n) and they are set to retire.

Unofficial Problem Bank list increases to 920 Institutions
Here is the unofficial problem bank list for Dec 17, 2010.
Small businesses still hunkering down
Some business owners retain a glimmer of hope that the worst of the recession has passed, but most are braced against another downturn, with little debt and minimal investment.
Ten Economic Questions for 2011
Just some questions looking forward to next year:
Schedule for Week of December 19th: Happy Holidays!
This is a holiday week (Merry Christmas!), but there will still be plenty of economic releases. There are two key housing reports: November existing home sales on Wednesday, and New home sales on Thursday.

Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and the Federal Role in the Secondary Mortgage Market
This study looks at how Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac evolved into the institutions they are today. As context for discussing future options, the study also examines both the rationales that are often cited for federal involvement in the secondary mortgage market and the problems with Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac that existed before the recent financial crisis.
The Effects of Government-Sponsored Venture Capital: International Evidence
This paper examines the impact of government-sponsored venture capitalists (GVCs) on the success of enterprises. Using international enterprise-level data, we identify a surprising non-monotonicity in the effect of GVC on the likelihood of exit via initial public offerings (IPOs) or third party acquisitions.

Our analysis indicates that worker
absences have large negative impacts: the expected loss in daily productivity from employing a temporary substitute is on par with replacing a regular worker of Average productivity with one at the 10th–20th percentile of productivity.

Economics Group
Weekly Economic & Financial Commentary